Cisco Systems RLO Model

From ElateWiki

The Cisco Systems, Inc. Reusable Learning Object (RLO) Model integrates the applied learning theories of cognition and multimedia of Dr. Ruth Colvin Clark, Dr. Benjamin Bloom's Taxonomy of Learning, and various adult learning theories. This model separates information into five types: concept, fact, procedure, process and principle. This serves as both an informational typology and an organizational structure to promote learning. These have precise definitions and interrelationships within this knowledge and learning structure.


Basic Elements of an RLO

Reusable learning objects (RLOs) are stand-alone and complete in and of themselves. They are also portable (conceptually) between technological systems. They are linkable with other RLOs to create more comprehensive learning experiences.

The basic elements of an RLO include context (an overview and summary) for the learning. There are pre-tests and post-tests, which are linked tightly to the learning objects; the defined learning objectives and assessments determine the learning contents.

The Reusable Instructional Objects inside an RLO are logically sequenced for optimal developmental learning.

The Hierarchy

Here, information is hierarchical (from largest to smallest): course, module, lessons, topics, and sub-topics (facts, principles, processes, procedures, and concepts). Information may be packaged into finer and finer levels of granularity.

Practical Uses

This model is a data hungry model requiring plenty of information and subject matter expert (SME)-level expertise to build proper information structures and relationships. An underlying assumption of information seems to be of factual, objective, and empirical data, so there's less room for subjective and interpretive information.

This model works with non-human facilitated, automated and branched types of learning. It works well with packaged or "boxed" learning. The RLOs from this process may work well as part of a human-facilitated learning experience.

See Also

Cisco Systems Reusable Information Object Strategy:

"Learning Objects in Four Instructional Architectures" (by Dr. Ruth Colvin Clark):